Review Healthy People 2020 Global Health Initiatives. Choose one disease process and discuss the disease process, the goal of Healthy People 2020, and how the CDC plays a role in meeting the goal.
Asthma: Healthy People 2020 Global Health Initiative
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory pulmonary disease that obstructs the air paths to the lungs, making it difficult or in serious attacks, almost impossible to breathe. Asthma is primarily caused by environmental factors, allergens, as well as viral infections. Symptoms may include tightening of the chest, sudden breathlessness, wheezing, coughs, and chest pains (Etats-Unis, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention & National Center for Health Statistics, 2012). Asthma is recognized as one of the leading respiratory disorders under the Healthy People 2020 Topic Areas: Respiratory Diseases and Sleep Health. This includes the establishment of the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program (NAEPP), which offers guidelines for asthma care and indicators of the burden of COPD.
The Healthy People 2020 goals associated with asthma include reduction of emergency department admissions for asthma, and minimization of the proportion of individuals who miss work or school days. In addition, Healthy People 2020 seeks to increase the fraction of people with current asthma who get appropriate asthma care, according to NAEPP (Etats-Unis, Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention & National Center for Health Statistics, 2012). Part of this initiative includes evaluating and monitoring, patient education and awareness, and controlling factors that contribute to asthma severity and medical treatment. In line with the goals of the Healthy People 2020, CDC established the National Asthma Control Program (NACP) to support millions of individuals with Asthma in the United States to control the disease (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2017). The program seeks to minimize the number of asthma-related deaths, reduce asthma hospitalizations and emergency visits, and reduce cases of school days or workdays missed.