Research shows that many factors, including average age, gender, and temperamentdifferences, influence the consequences of divorce for children. Which of the following is TRUE?

According to the material presented in class, what are the three dimensions of parenting identified by research?

Question 1 options:

Love, clarity, and democracy.

Demands, supports, and challenges.

Love, limits, and autonomy support.

Faith, hope, and charity.

Caring, sharing, and communication.


Question 2 (3 points)

What is the definition of “autonomy support”?

Question 2 options:

Letting children do as they please and learn from their mistakes.

Maintaining a tight rein on children’s activities.

Encouraging children to express their authentic self and find their own path.

Avoiding conflict so as not to alienate youngsters.

Providing children with a role model to follow.


Question 3 (3 points)

Which statement would an authoritative parent be most likely to make?

Question 3 options:

“I really don’t care what you do.”

“Let me tell you why it is important to listen to me.”

“Because I said so. That’s why.”

“Well, I’ll let you get away with that just this once.”

“Let me do that for you.”


Question 4 (3 points)

Some people are relaxed, easy going indulgent/permissive parents who don’t want to break their children’s spirit with any sort of parental limits or

demands. They believe that “total freedom is the best thing for children.” Their children are likely to grow up to become adults who are:

Question 4 options:

free-spirited, self-reliant, creative, well-balanced, open.

self-centered, aimless, and irresponsible, with little sense of achievement or independence.

easily annoyed or irritated by others, unpredictably moody, and unpleasant to be around.

hostile and antisocial, alcoholics or drug abusers, and likely get in trouble with the law.

self-reliant, achievement oriented, cooperative and socially responsible


Question 5 (3 points)

Children of neglectful parents tend to be:

Question 5 options:


withdrawn and low in self-esteem.

close to their siblings.

easy to get along with.

shy and not ready for the real world.


Question 6 (3 points)

Which style of parenting is hardest on children’s development?

Question 6 options:







Question 7 (3 points)

What does a developmental systems (or transactional) view of

parenting suggest?

Question 7 options:

Parents influence their children.

Children influence their parents.

The marital relationship influences how people parent.

The family is part of the extended family system.

All of the above.


Question 8 (3 points)

Which of the following factors exert an important influence on the way that a person will behave as a parent?

Question 8 options:

The person’s personality.

The quality of the person’s relationship with the other parent.

Their extended family.

Whether they are living in poverty.

All of these factors exert an important influence on how a person will parent.


Question 9 (3 points)

Conflict between parents (such as furious yelling or angry fighting) in

front of children is:

Question 9 options:

not a problem for children.

not a problem as long as children are older than age 5.

not a problem, as long as parents explain to children that nobody is mad at them.

a subtle form of family violence that can have long term consequences for children’s development.


Question 10 (3 points)

Based on current research, if you were a family counselor, what advice would you give to a couple who was thinking about getting a divorce because they fought constantly, but also thought it might be better to stay together for the sake of their children?

Question 10 options:

A two-parent family is more functional and so is always preferable to a single-parent family.

Adults are just as likely to marry and stay married whether or not their parents divorced when they were children or stayed married for a lifetime.

Families don’t begin to pull themselves back together until about 6 years after the divorce.

You should only stay together if you can find a way to work out your problems without fighting, because a conflict-ridden two-parent family is more harmful to a child’s development than a cohesive single-parent family.


Question 11 (3 points)

Research shows that many factors, including average age, gender, and temperamentdifferences, influence the consequences of divorce for children. Which of the following is TRUE?

Question 11 options:

Younger children are more likely to feel personally responsible for causing a divorce than older children are.

Children with easy temperaments tend to suffer in comparison to difficult children, who receive more attention.

Boys tend to hide their negative reactions after a divorce; girls tend to display these reactions more externally.

Because they tend to be less attached to the non-custodial parent, slow-to-warm children experience less post-divorce distress (in comparison with children with other temperament styles).

Research has shown that there are few differences in adjustment to divorce based on children’s age, gender, or temperament.


Question 12 (3 points)

In considering the long-term effects of divorce, which of the following is TRUE?

Question 12 options:

Children from divorced families have higher opposition to divorce, and go on to get fewer divorces as adults.

Children who experience parental divorce in late childhood or early adolescence tend to lose confidence in romantic relationships, and delay their first sexual relationships by 1-3 years.

Children from divorced families can experience a period of poorer-quality parenting than other children, and tend to show poorer self-esteem and social skills.

All of the above.


Question 13 (3 points)

As a parent, what could you do that would be most likely to help your child adjust to divorce?

Question 13 options:

Do not prolong your child’s transition period; make all necessary changes in schooling, housing, and schedule at the same time, when possible.

Allow your child an adjustment period before resuming normal discipline and expectations.

Promote relationships with your ex-partner: facilitate your child’s interactions with the other parent, even if it means less time with you.

All of the above.


Question 14 (3 points)

There are many factors that put parents at risk for maltreating their children. All of the following are risk factors. According to the material presented in class, which is the most important risk factor?

Question 14 options:

Parents being abused themselves as children.

Children with difficult temperaments.

Lack of social support from the extended family.

Adolescent parents.



Question 15 (3 points)

Research on the long-term effects of child abuse shows that children are at-risk for:

Question 15 options:

difficulty relating to others.

impaired cognitive development.

attachment disturbance.

poor social skills.

all of the above.

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